Numerous commercial building construction types

We pass commercial buildings regularly in our daily lives, but we rarely observe them and actually think about them as commercial building constructions, even more rarely we think about specific commercial building construction types.

So how is a commercial building construction type selected? Commercial building construction type is usually chosen based on the following criteria:

  • Purpose of the structure
  • Size of the structure
  • Load bearing constraints
  • Environmental factors
  • Necessary Speed of Construction
  • Cost of Materials

We are familiar with six main classification of commercial building construction types.    

  • Wood Frame: it is the oldest and also commonly used construction type. This construction type is easy to work with, it is easily renewable and the cost is usually well within reach of almost everybody.
  • Light Gauge Steel Frame: this type of construction is very similar to the wooden construction in that studs, plates, joists, and rafters are also used in building structures. The only difference is that light gauge construction is made from light gauge steel frame instead of wooden frame. Usually, materials in light gauge steel construction are protected with galvanisation and are this stainless, which prolongs the lifespan of this materials and the frame itself. Like wood construction techniques, light gauge steel construction allows for the ease in carrying materials, as well as cutting and erecting on sight. Light gauge steel constructions are primarily used in commercial buildings.​
  • Joisted or Load Bearing Masonry: involves utilizing concrete blocks or bricks to build the load bearing walls. The structure of this construction is consequently very heavy, which is definitely not good in earthquake prone areas. The floors and ceilings are constructed with wooden joints, thus the Joisted Masonry term. Load bearing masonry is considered as a rigid structure.
  • Steel Frame: this type of construction is normally used in large buildings. The structure is built from steels and steel trusses to support floors and roofs. Due to the flexibility of the structure, buildings constructed this way are safe to be constructed in earthquake prone areas. Steel can flex quite a bit without taking on permanent deformation, making it a great material for constructing tall buildings, bridges, and such.
  • Concrete Frame Pre-engineered: concrete frame construction uses reinforced concretes, concrete beams, and concrete slabs to build the support structure. This structure is often used when building higher buildings, parking garages or elevated roadways.

Commercial building construction and material typesMaterials for commercial building

Benefits of pre-engineered commercial buildings are various

Nevertheless, there is also pre-engineered construction available. The best thing about pre-engineered buildings is that they are extremely quickly assembled. Most parts of this type of buildings are produced in-house and then just assembled together at the place where the building will be located. Thus, third party quality control is almost always present and with this high-quality standard of commercial buildings is achieved. Moreover, pre-engineered constructions are also friendly to the environment. Due to the high-quality building process, pre-engineered commercial buildings are firm and durable.

Eco-friendly nature of commercial building construction types

Mostly, commercial buildings are nowadays eco-friendly. With using sustainable building materials (like recycled glass and steel, as well as renewable materials like bamboo and rubber) durability of the building is achieved. Moreover, high energy efficiency is ensured with the installation of windows and doors that are made from high-quality materials. Maximizing natural light will not only save lighting requirements and with this energy costs, but also help keep buildings warm in colder months. Last but not least, renewable energy sources can be added into commercial buildings, such as commercial solar system.

The environmental benefits of eco-friendly commercial building constructions are obvious, but there are other compelling reasons to implement green building practices that may not immediately come to mind. Examples include:

  • Happier and healthier employees
  • Reduced energy costs,
  • Greater likelihood a green building will sell for more money than a standard building.

Modern design of commercial buildings

Architects are facing a quite unique challenge nowadays. Commercial building constructions are required to fit into the surroundings and to stand out as a unique piece of architecture at the same time. This can be achieved with mixing of different materials and building techniques as well as with different approach to finding more user-friendly solutions for working spaces.