Medical honey for wound care is a complex mechanism that helps with healing
Medical honey for wound care has been around for centuries. Its use dates back 15,000 years to the Paleolithic Period. The first evidence of organized beekeeping goes back to Ancient Egypt, the Chinese thought it had a balanced character, and the Greeks believed it prolonged life span.
Hippocrates wrote about it back in the 4th century B.C., describing it as a remedy that softens ulcers of the lips and heals running sores and carbuncles. According to the Greeks, nothing compared to this liquid gold, when it came to healing injuries, eye diseases, coughs and even baldness.
So, it is not a shock that this natural product with complex chemical composition slowly made its way to modern medicine. The use of honey in wound dressing is a common occurrence nowadays, but many have no idea what is medical honey.
Firstly, medical differs from table honey as it has distinct properties that provide a complex mechanism of different effects in tissue healing. The complex mechanism depends on the plant the bee forages and the physicochemical properties of the honey. Its acidic pH inhibits microbial growth, maintains a satisfactory number of MMPs and helps with wound healing.
A saturated solution of sugars has light levels of the enzyme glucose oxidase. That contributes to antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory action and activates proteolytic debridement. It also causes osmotic pressure in the tissue, stimulating autolytic debridement.
What is medical honey?
What is medical honey? It is an antimicrobial agent used for treating a broad spectrum of wounds in all phases of the healing process. It can treat acute and chronic lesions. Many people confuse medical with its table variety. Unfortunately, their effects are vastly different, and most laboratory tests and studies have shown that sterile dressings are considered a more effective and much safer option.
Medical honey for wound care is made of chestnuts and is a rich source of enzymes and minerals such as potassium, calcium, zinc, manganese and the amino acid proline. They all promote epithelialization and granulation. It also contains phenol compounds (anti-oxidative effect), acids, peptides and vitamins.
All ingredients together reduce the infection and contribute to the tissue healing process. Natural chestnut honey is entirely produced by bees and made of nectar and manna. It is one of the purest types in terms of pollen content and does not contain genetically modified or synthetic components.
The use of honey in wound dressing is safe as it is undiluted and has no additives or thickening agents. This sweet nectar has high contents of flavonoids, kynurenic acid (which prevents biofilm formation), and phenolic acids (antioxidant capacities).
Medical honey for wound care - How does the process work by the phase?
What is medical honey? The use of honey in wound dressing is a crucial part of modern medicine. Its effects are not minuscule, and they were clinically proven. A cost-effective choice exhibits antimicrobial properties, prevents and destabilizes biofilm, supports debridement and decreases odor
It also has antimycotic properties, acts antimicrobial, contributes to anti-inflammatory activity and causes osmotic pressure. With 80% sugar content, the medical honey for wound care creates an osmotic pressure in the inflammatory phase.
That is the phase where the body fights against bacteria. The osmotic pressure creates optimal healing conditions with a moist environment stimulating perfusion in the tissue. While the inflammation and oedema are decreased in the inflammatory phase, lesion cleansing and autolytical debridement are enhanced.
The proliferative phase promotes collagen synthesis, granulation, connective tissue synthesis and angiogenesis. In the maturation phase, the tissue matures, remodels and heals without or with less scarring.
Use of honey in wound dressing - Step-by-step tutorial
The use of honey in wound dressing goes back centuries and has never failed, not even when some modern wound-healing agents have. Studies have shown that the use of medical honey for wound care is healing due to antiviral, antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities.
This sweet nectar activates an immune response to infection and induces leukocytes to release cytokines, which begins the tissue repair.
What is medical honey, and how to use it?
Medical honey has unique properties, helping the wound to heal. There are various products for tissue healing, but the most popular has to be Vivamel contact mesh. The mesh was designed to treat several wounds, from scrapes to chronic and minor lesions. In the beginning, the mesh must be changed every two days.
If the secretion is extensive, it should be changed every day.First, clean the wound with saline solution or running water, then gently dry it and the surrounding area. Take the mesh with the transparent foil out of the sterile pouch, then remove the foil from one side of the mesh and place it onto the wound.
When positioning it over the lesion, make sure the lesion is fully covered. Remove the green protective foil from the other side of the mesh and protect the mesh by placing the secondary absorbent dressing over it.