Medical honey provides incredible effects throughout the wound healing process
Medical honey has been used for wound treatment and healing for thousands of years. The ancient civilisations had an outstanding understating of its powers, hence the nickname liquid gold. This non-toxic natural ancient remedy is often used to reduce or stop the growth of bacteria. It extracts the fluid which damages the internal structures of the bacteria cells and reduces its levels.
It also helps diminish inflammation and lesion odour caused by high bacteria levels. Its active ingredients assist with the removal of dead tissue within the gash. Honey dressing for wound is a sterile dressing impregnated with chestnut liquid gold that can be applied directly to the injury. It provides incredible effects throughout the wound healing process.
A saturated solution of sugars causes osmotic pressure and stimulates autolytic debridement. Most sugars are a mixture of 2 monosaccharides - glucose and fructose. The ratio between them depends on botanical origin, but chestnut honey made from manna and nectar has 25% of glucose and 42% of fructose.
High sugar ratios signify low water content, which is ideal to extract impurities from the laceration and begin wound healing. They also ensure optimal viscosity securing good contact of the medical honey patches with the gash. Another essential parameter for the healing procedure is water activity.
That is the availability of unbound water in honey compounds. In chestnut honey, it ranges between 0.5 and 0.65, which is the amount hostile to microorganisms that need water activity levels in the range of 0.94–0.99.
Effects of medical honey on wound healing
Honey dressing for wound uses osmotic action to create a moist environment crucial in healing. The main reason for that is faster and easier migration of newly formed cells, which reduce scarring. Chestnut liquid gold, covering the injury, stimulates local immune response and protects the laceration from infection and external factors.
The combination of the effects leads to a reduced microbial load, shortening of the inflammatory phase and maintaining the appropriate level of growth factors. It also accelerates epithelialisation from the edges of the wound and collagen synthesis. Sugar triggers an osmotic reaction that increases perfusion and dissolves necrotic tissue, later decomposed by peroxide activity.
This part of the process is vital because it removes the physical barrier which deters growth factor activity. Gash treatment depends on the aetiology of the laceration, the patient's general health and the clinical picture. Medical honey patches are fantastical cleansers that, in addition to autolytic, also provide proteolytic debridement and accelerate healing.
They also help with chronic wounds. These are most likely a result of infections that the body cannot eliminate on its own. The inflammatory processes are prevented by the acidic pH, which has antimicrobial characteristics as it inhibits the activity of proteinases.
Most important attributes of honey dressing for wound
Medical honey does not contain thickeners, pesticides, heavy metals or medicinal residues. Primary absorbent wound dressings are impregnated with 100% naturally produced refined medical chestnut honey. They differ depending on the characteristics and severity of the injury.
Calcium alginate has a high absorption capacity, so it is suitable for laceration with moderate to high exudate. Sodium ions from the lesion are in the process of exchange with calcium ions from the dressing. With the absorption of the exudate, alginate swells and forms gel.
This type of dressing is suitable for lesions, where the inflammatory process predominates, and the focus is the removal of dead tissue. Contact dressing is a mesh with a perforated structure that ensures the exudate diffuses from the injury.
It is suitable for gashes with low exudate in the process of granulation (maturing new cells) and epithelialisation. Protect dressing was created for lesions with moderate to low exudate. The structure of polyurethane (PU) foam is exceptionally soft and absorbent.
That guarantees adequate and effective absorption of wound exudate. The use of medical honey patches is recommended for laceration, where the proliferation process predominates, and the focus is on the growth, reproduction and maturation of new cells.
How to properly assess an injury using medical honey patches
Honey dressing for the wound must completely cover the laceration. That is because injury exudate dilutes the medical honey, and triggers the enzyme glucose oxidase. The oxidase then starts a chemical reaction in which hydrogen peroxide is released slowly and in low concentrations.
The ascorbic acid, amino acid proline, flavonoids and phenolic acids work together to neutralise free radicals and restore the oxidative balance. Three things are pivotal in wound care: shortening the healing time, reducing the number of dressing changes and preventing possible complications.
Before the change, the gash must be correctly accessed by TIME. TIME is an acronym for assessment of the predominant tissue type (T), inflammation and infection management (I), regulation of exudate, moisture balance (M), and closing the lesion from the edges (E). After the assessment is concluded, we can decide on the primary goal of healing with medical honey.